Flat foot is a common condition associated with pronation. Pronation occurs when your ankle bones lean toward your center line. Many people with flat feet do not experience any pain. In infants and toddlers, the longitudinal arch is not developed and flat feet are normal. Most feet are flexible and an arch appears when the child begins to stand on his or her toes. Research also suggests that bunions may run in families. It is thought that bunions are more likely to occur in people who have unusually flexible joints, and that this flexibility may be inherited. Vinegar foot wrap – Take two towels and soak one in an equal parts mixture of vinegar and hot water. Wrap the swollen ankle or the whole foot in the towel for about five minutes. Take the second towel and soak in a similar mixture of vinegar and cold water. Wrap the foot for another five minutes. Alternate hot and cold vinegar foot wraps three times for relief from foot pain, tendinitis and swelling. Flour paste – Mix regular flour with some gardenia and wine. Apply the paste all over the foot and leave on for 15 minutes to relieve pain and swelling due to sprains and overuse of muscles. Most bunions are treatable without surgery. Prevention is always best. To minimize your chances of developing a bunion, never force your foot into a tight shoe that doesn't fit. Choose shoes that conform to the shape of your feet. Go for shoes with wide insteps, broad toes and soft soles. Avoid shoes that are short, tight or sharply pointed, and those with heels higher than 2 1/4 inches. Most bunions are behind the point of the large toe on the large metatarsal bone. "Bunionettes" are behind the little toe (the outside of the foot). Misaligned arches are usually the cause of bunions, pronation or supination. The treatment plan selected by a doctor of podiatric medicine varies with the age and health of the patient, as well as with the severity of the deformity. Conservative treatment measures may consist of shoes with adequate size to accommodate the bunion, or pads and custom molded shoes. Surgical corrections vary from simply removing the bony prominence to more extensive procedures, such as fusion of joints and joint replacement. Most patients are back into tennis shoes in two to four weeks following surgery. Be aware that laser surgery is not an option for bunion treatment. At this time, no laser exists which can cut bone safely. There are many foot complications related to diabetes such as calluses, athlete's foot, bunions and ulcers. There are many reasons why diabetes can harm the foot and one of the main concerns is decreased blood flow to the foot. This occurs due to damage to the blood vessels in people who have persistently high blood sugar over long periods of time. Another major concern is the damage to the nerves of the foot which decreases the sensation, which results in foot injuries going unnoticed. So how should people with diabetes car for their feet? read more The last misconception that I hear patients talk about is that foot surgery is extremely painful and even more painful than other types of surgery. The truth is that foot surgery is unique compared to surgery on other parts of the body because you have to walk on your foot postoperatively. This weight bearing and not elevating the part of the body does cause slightly increased pain and throbbing. There are surgical techniques that I employ in order to reduce the amount of pain postoperatively. The amount of pain that patients experience starts with how the surgeon handles the tissue during the surgery. For bunion treatment to be effective it should address the cause of the bunion so that proper treatment can be given. One of the effective treatments is to avoid wearing ill fitting shoes. Instead, you should wear lose fitting shoes or sandals. Soaking the feet in warm water can help relieve the pain and soften calluses which have developed. Treatment for bunions includes taking aspirin or ibuprofen for pain relief. Some patients are prescribed naproxen to relieve inflammation and pain associated with bunions. Bunions treatment can also include applying ice to reduce inflammation. The ice should not be put directly on the skin. Your young teenager (especially girls age 10 to 15) may develop an adolescent bunion at the base of his or her big toe. Unlike adults with bunions, a young person can normally move the affected joint. Your teenager may have pain and trouble wearing shoes. Try having your child's shoes stretched and/or getting wider shoes. Surgery to remove an adolescent bunion is not recommended unless your child is in extreme pain and the problem does not get better with changes in shoe wear. If your adolescent has bunion surgery, particularly before he or she is fully grown, there is a strong chance the problem will return. Fungi can also be contracted by walking barefoot on a bathroom floor, the shower stall at a gym, or just at home, where the fungi entered the home on the soles of shoes that were used out in public. The solution to rid yourself of Fungi sometimes is lengthy and requires medication and consistency in its application. Anti-fungal medications can sometimes take five to six months to show any results. Proper care of our feet is essential. By following healthy guidelines, using properly sized shoes and practicing good hygiene so as to keep our feet clean and dry, we may avoid many problems and keep our feet healthy and happy. The study published in Spine (excellent peer reviewed journal) involved 115 people with chronic low back pain. The participants were reassessed by questionnaire after six weeks, six months and 1 year. Basically the people who wore regular running shoes had greater improvement (less back pain and disability) to the rocker sole group (53% vs. 31%). I’m a real fan of the MBT or rocker sole for people with hallux limitus , where the big toe has lost its flexibility and doesn’t lift or bend well with walking. People with bunions often have hallux limitus and for them, the rocker sole could help them gain proper ‘toe off’ during gait.